Ecological Engineering in the Tropics

Costa Rica – MSU / UCR – December 27, 2014 – January 10, 2015

Dec. 28 – San Jose/Alajuela – Aubrey

¡Bienvenidos a Costa Rica!/Welcome to Costa Rica!

Pure Michigan to Pura Vida

By December 28th everyone has arrived to San Jose, Costa Rica and are ready for our first day.

Location:

 

 

San Jose is the capital city of Costa Rica, located in the center of the country, and is one of its most populated regions. In the city of San Jose, traveling is very easy because many of the roads are paved, unlike some less-developed areas throughout the country. San Jose is described as “the cultural hub of the country” because it contains both a traditional Central American city and cosmopolitan urban center. This provides an array of activities and attractions.(1)

San Jose was founded in 1737.  Though through the years San Jose has been transformed into the Latin American metropolis it is today, the first thing you see when driving through the city are the rows of working coffee plantations that are responsible for San Jose’s thriving success.(1)

 


Our first stop of the day is the National Biodiversity Institute of Costa Rica.

costarica

Picture provided by http://www.inbio.ac.cr/en/

costarica

Blue-Sided Leaf Frog at National Biodiversity Institute in Costa Rica Photo provided by https://blogs.state.gov/stories/2013/04/22/saving-lives-livelihoods-and-life

 

costarica

Blue Macaw Picture provided by thecostaricanews.com

The National Biodiversity Institute of Costa Rica was established in 1989 to gather knowledge of the country’s unique biodiversity and to promote its sustainable use. The institute believes “the best way to conserve biodiversity is to study it, value it, and utilize the opportunities it offers to improve the quality of life of human beings.”(2)

In the afternoon we will be visiting the National Museum of Costa Rica.

costarica

Located in the Bellavista Fortress in San Jose. The fortress was built in 1917 and was originally a military barracks Picture provided by tourism-506.blogspot.com

Museo Nacional de Costa Rica contains information on the Natural History, Anthropology, Archaeology and History of Costa Rica. We will have the opportunity to explore Costa Rica’s past all afternoon, until we head over to Universidad de Costa Rica.(3)

 

While at Universidad de Costa Rica, we will receive a tour of the campus.

costarica

Picture provided by http://eng.ucr.ac.cr/

costarica

Picture provided by http://eng.ucr.ac.cr/

Tentative Event Scheduled: Bull Fight in the evening.

Bull fighting is a popular form of entertainment in Costa Rica. Costa Rican bullfighting differs from the Spanish form. Instead of aiming to kill the bull, the challenge is to avoid it! Participants enter the ring only to dodge the charging bull. Personally, I very much prefer this variation! (4)

costarica

Bullfighting in Zapote, San Jose Picture provided by http://www.costaricantimes.com

 

costarica

Picture provided by acamcostarica.com

 


 Our Day

We began our day at InBioparque, the National Biodiversity Institute of Costa Rica. Here we watched a video that informed us of InBio’s mission: identify, describe and share all of Costa Rica’s biodiversity. This is a large task due to the fact that Costa Rica is home to over 500,000 different species! Costa Rica makes up about 6% of the Earth’s land, but is home to more than half of the known species. This vast array of organisms is due to the fact that Costa Rica is on a land bridge connecting North and South America that was formed by moving tectonic plates. This allowed the movement of species from North to South and South to North America. InBio uses their bio-prospecting research to to discover new medicinal uses of plants, observes flocks of birds to study climate change, and educates the public about sustainability and species protection. On a tour through InBio’s constructed, premature humid forest we were able to see just a small fraction of the species Costa Rica offers.

IMG_3130

Three-fingered Sloth in InBio

Banana plant (not tree) in InBio

Banana plant (not tree) in InBio

 

IMG_3175

Iguana in InBio

Photos taken at InBioparque

 Gracias a InBioque por una gran visita!

IMG_3179

 

After our visit to InBio, we took a short bus ride to the National Museum of Costa Rica, which is located in the city of San Jose. At the museum we discover much about Costa Rica’s history, specifically clues on what the environment means to native Costa Ricans. This knowledge is very important to have and take into consideration when engineering in a different country.

 

Blue Morpho Butterfly from the butterfly garden in the National Museum

Blue Morpho Butterfly from the butterfly garden in the National Museum

An example of art deco inside of the museum

An example of art deco inside of the museum

The group in front of the National Museum of Costa Rica

The group in front of the National Museum of Costa Rica

Following our visit to the National Museum of Costa Rica, our group headed over to the main campus if Universidad de Costa Rica and met up with 4 Costa Rican students who are joining us on the trip. At the Universidad we were given tours of the campus and learned about the life of a Costa Rican student. It was very interesting comparing their experiences to our own back at MSU. Here in Costa Rica the university is free to attend, this fact alone exhibits a huge difference between universities in the two countries!

The whole group at la Universidad de Costa Rica

The group at la Universidad de Costa Rica

Statue Rodrigo Facio, President of la Universidad de Costa Rica (1952-1961) in front of the main library

Statue Rodrigo Facio, President of la Universidad de Costa Rica (1952-1961) in front of the main library

The visit to la Universidad concluded our first day in Costa Rica, but the night was still young, and we were given the opportunity to attend a bull fight in San Jose. This is an experience I will never forget. It was nothing that I could ever imagine. Hundreds of Costa Rican men (and a few women) entered a circular arena and awaited an angry, charging bull. When the bull entered the arena everyone scrambled, if the bull got too close to a group of people they would jump over the arena wall in order to be protected from the bull. There was singing and dancing all throughout the bleachers as people watched the events, but our section was the loudest, and we were awarded with prizes such as jerseys, calendars and purses for our spirit! This is a true Costa Rican tradition I will never forget!

A very angry bull ready to charge anything that comes its way!

A very angry bull keeping the contestants at a distance

Our group down in the arena during the show!

Our group down in the arena during the show!

Each of the locations we visited today gave us an idea of the relationship Costa Ricans have with the environment. While visiting InBio, the importance of educating people on the vast diversity of Costa Rica and the benefits it has to offer to people medicinally and educationally. The natural history museum within the National Museum of Costa Rica provided us with a historical relationship between native Costa Ricans and the environment. We learned that there are very strong spiritual and cultural bonds between the two. Ecosystems engineering focuses on the proper, least invasive approach needed to solve a problem through the use of natural system treatments. Once you have a grasp on the importance the environment has on a community, you are able to successfully create a solution that will be accepted.

Additional Links:

What a day!

Bibliography:

(1) Traveler’s guide to San Jose, Costa Rica

(2) InBio’s official webpage

(3)National Museum of Costa Rica’s official webpage

(4) A blog post on Costa Rican bull fighting

6 thoughts on “Dec. 28 – San Jose/Alajuela – Aubrey

  1. What percentage of Costa Ricans live in San Jose?

    Like

    • According to the population statistics found at http://www.costalaw.com, approximately 33% of Costa Ricans live in the providence of San Jose and %7 live in the city of San Jose (http://www.costaricalaw.com/Demographics-and-Population/population-statistics.html). According to wikipedia, the rate of urbanization estimated within 5 years is expected to be 2.3% per year.

      Like

      • This is very interesting considering San Jose is not the biggest of the seven provinces located in Costa Rica yet nearly a third of the people live in it! It is also interesting because it is in the central area of the country and not directly on one of the coasts which in America it is typically for big cities to be on the coast when they are close to water which is probably due to the history they may have of trading. When we were in the city though you could definitely tell it is a highly populated area just by the amount of people we saw walking and driving around.

        Like

  2. Great post and pictures – love the group picture!!!!

    Liked by 1 person

  3. Great write-up Aubrey, this was such a great day!

    I took a few notes at the InBio station that I thought I might share. There was a wonderful presentation from a young man who was our guide in the park (he was also able to point out spiders, sloths, and iguanas). He showed us a video and answered questions. One thing that particularly interested me was a database that catalogues characteristics of different species in Costa Rica. They hope to create incentives for protecting wildlife. If there is a database of all the beneficial potentialities associated with flora and fauna, it will be economical to preserve them and implement sustainable use those resources.

    He gave a few examples, and here are some of them–

    Green Fluorescent Protein (http://www.conncoll.edu/ccacad/zimmer/GFP-ww/GFP-1.htm) Follow link for more information!
    This protein can be used to mark pieces of DNA sequences so they can be studied. There are some great photographs in the “cool uses” section of the website. This protein can be found in some of the aquatic life off of Costa Rican shore.

    I did not get the name of the other chemical or the exact tree that it is extracted from, but the bark is processed to make a potent digestion aide. Before, people would process the bark with their own method. It required much time and effort and the final product was very hard to consume because of poor taste in its tea. With modern processing methods, the active ingredients can be refined efficiently and made into a pill which is easy to take.

    These are too of the many examples. Here is another blog with more information on this area of study, http://jrscience.wcp.muohio.edu/FieldCourses00/PapersCostaRicaArticles/MedicinalPlantsintheRainfA.html.

    This is inspiring because of the ingenuity of the modern scientists and the recognition of the ingenuity of the native peoples of Costa Rica. The rain forest has immense potential for pharmaceutical research, and the native people’s vast knowledge of their land and their knowledge of the value and interconnectedness of the world can lead to great breakthroughs in modern science.

    Like

  4. As John said, good entry Aubrey!

    INBioparque was a very good place to kickstart our trip. The institute is nonprofit and really wants to promote the importance and awareness of Costa Rica’s biodiversity. The slogan INBio uses is “naturally a commitment”, and it was very apparent that this is being portrayed in every aspect of the park. INBio is very big into bio-prospecting – which is defined as finding new compounds for pharmaceuticals based on the countries biological resources. Currently, INBio has over 4 million specimens that are available for researchers around the world for the purpose of bettering mankind.

    The tree John mentioned in the above comment referring to the digestion aide is called the Bitter Wood tree, or Picrasma excelsa. For more information on this wood and its benefits, you can visit the following link. http://www.herbalextractsplus.com/bitter-wood.html

    The National Museum of Costa Rica was very interesting because it gave us a chance to understand this countries past in order to see how they reached their current state. It is important to understand the culture and ways of a country you are visiting, whether it be for work or pleasure. I found it very interesting that this museum was located in an old fortress used in one of Costa Rica’s civil war. The museum even had left bullet holes in the outside of the museum to be reminded of the civil war this country endured in the 1940’s. This civil war was the war that resulted in the removal of the Costa Rican army. The museum is set up so when you walk in a counter clockwise direction, you are able to learn about Costa Rica’s history from when Costa Rica was inhabited by the first humans to current times. My favorite collection was the room filled with gold artifacts found from ancient civilizations that they used as a symbol of authority and power. The artifacts were so beautiful and it was fun to see how much importance the natives put on these accessories as they were full with detail. This museum is definitely one I would recommend to people visiting San Jose.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s